Site Update: Greenham, Newbury

Since October 2020 excavations have been taking place at a site in Greenham. Initially only a moderate amount of archaeological features was expected but, upon stripping and cleaning the site revealed a wealth of features.

Several large enclosures, some as deep as 1.7m were uncovered across the site. Within, and around, these enclosures a vast amount of postholes were uncovered. Many of these pits and postholes contained pottery of Bronze Age and Early Iron Age date showing an extensive and continuous occupation throughout the period.

Site Plan
Above: The current excavation plan.

While it was difficult to discern patterns within the postholes at first patterns started to form when they were excavated and planned. Multiple roundhouses, one of which has a double ring of postholes and large entrance postholes, were seen with other possible roundhouses suspected from arcs of postholes. To the west of the site the postholes peter out and there is another enclosure with two ring gullies and associated pits and postholes. This may be a continuation of the settlement or a later settlement on he same land, but that won't be known until the post-excavation process has been completed.

Bronze Age roundhouse Prehistoric Pottery
Above left: The first roundhouse. Above right: Prehistoric pottery recovered from postholes.

Postholes and ditches are not the only features uncovered. A single, heavily degraded, burial was uncovered near the lagest enclosure ditch. The remains were curled around a flagon of Roman date suggesting that the site was in use into the 1st century AD.

Roman flagon Roman flagon
Above: The pot from the burial.

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