TVAS are pleased to announce the publication of the six newest volumes in our series of Occasional Papers and our latest Monograph. Details of these can be found below and on our publications page along with an order form.
The six Occasional Papers cover a wide variety of sites in Hampshire and Berkshire. Highlights include a Neolithic pit at Little Minster Street in Winchester (Occasional Paper 19), an early Iron Age occupation site at Bedhampton (Occasional Paper 20), a rare middle Iron Age cremation burial at Downton (Occasional Paper 22) and Saxon, medieval and early post-medieval occupation in Micheldever (Occasional Paper 24). Occasional Paper 23 details the results of excavations at Ditton Park, Slough, which uncovered evidence for Bronze Age, Roman and early Anglo-Saxon occupation, while Occasional Paper 25 presents the finding of Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman occupation at Winnersh, Reading.
Monograph 28, entitled Roman Enclosure and Early Anglo-Saxon Occupation at Top Road, Kempsford, Gloucestershire, describes the results of an archaeological excavation carried out in advance of development at Kempsford on the north bank of the River Thames in Gloucestershire. Cropmarks visible in aerial photographs, and a geophysical survey, suggested the site contained Iron Age or Roman enclosures and occupation, and evaluation trenching confirmed that these were indeed present, along with some Anglo-Saxon pottery.
The excavation revealed the expected enclosed settlement, repeatedly remodelled from the Late Iron Age into later Roman times. Burials were also present, mainly from the later Roman period. The later end of the radiocarbon dating ranges could allow two of the burials to be 5th-century Anglo-Saxon rather than late Roman.
Anglo-Saxon occupation with at least six sunken-floored buildings and a post-built hall, was more unexpected. Faunal and botanical remains allowed the agricultural economy of the site to be examined and isotope analysis of the burials indicated a typical terrestrial diet albeit distinctive compared to other Roman sites. A programme of radiocarbon dating on food residues taken from Anglo-Saxon pottery revealed that the settlement was of two phases spanning the early 5th and 6th centuries but with the possibility that occupation had commenced in the late 4th century or very early 5th. This is noteworthy for a site so far up river from the Thames Estuary as it suggests this process may have been underway before the traditional end of the Roman period in AD410.