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Thames Valley Archaeological Services Monograph: Volume 20

Archaeological Excavations at Roundhouse Farm, Marston Meysey, Wiltshire

by Simon Cass, Steve Ford, James Lewis, Andrew Taylor, Sean Wallis and Andrew Weale

Monograph 20 cover

This report documents a large area excavation covering some 25ha of gravel terrace in the Upper Thames Valley of north Wiltshire. The excavations have revealed a wide range of evidence for human activity with occupation sites, funerary sites, ceremonial sites and organised landscapes dating from the later Neolithic through to mid Roman times and again from the medieval period to the present.

Deposits of earlier prehistoric periods are not prolific but are represented by isolated pits, and burial but including a post-circle ceremonial monument. The later Bronze Age is better represented, with extensive areas of unenclosed settlement with post-built roundhouses and other structures present. The archaeological record intensified and diversified with the onset of the Iron Age, with several foci of occupation accompanied by small and large enclosures. The intensity and nature of landuse regressed after the middle Iron Age, due in part, perhaps, to the impact of a rising water table. The land was still demonstrably used with the reuse of several Iron Age boundaries and the creation of new fields and boundaries in Latest Iron Age/early Roman times but now without the presence of occupation areas.

Maintenance or use of the landscape appears to have ceased before the end of the Roman period though there is some evidence to suggest some originally Iron Age boundaries continued to exist to be incorporated into a small medieval agricultural enclosure. Subsequent use of the site after the medieval period was for large rectilinear enclosed fields, subject to change, with only a proportion of the boundaries recorded on early maps. The field patterns were extensively disrupted with construction of the Thames and Severn Canal in 1787.

A4 soft cover, 125pp, illustrated throughout including 40 colour plates.

ISBN 978-0-9926330-3-5

Price: £18.00

Monographs

Newest Volumes: Our latest additions to the TVAS Monograph Series

Volume 1: Charnham Lane, Hungerford, Berkshire

Volume 2: Prehistoric, Roman and Saxon Sites in Eastern Berkshire

Volume 3: Excavations at Cippenham, Slough, Berkshire

Volume 4: Bronze Age, Roman and Saxon sites on Shrubsoles Hill, Sheppey and at Wises Lane, Borden, Kent

Volume 5: The Archaeology of the Aylesbury-Chalgrove gas pipeline and the Orchard, Walton Road, Aylesbury

Volume 6: Iron Age and Roman settlement and landscape at Totterdown Lane, Horcott near Fairford, Gloucestershire

Volume 7: Reading and Windsor: Old and New; Excavations 1995–2002

Volume 8: Excavations in Medieval Abingdon and Drayton, Oxfordshire

Volume 9: Archaeological Investigations in the Silchester Hinterland

Volume 10: Archaeological Investigations in Wallingford, Oxfordshire, 1992-2010

Volume 11: Archaeological Investigations in Surrey, 1997-2009

Volume 12: Archaeological Investigations along the line of Ermin Street in West Berkshire, 1992-2008

Volume 13: Archaeological Investigations to the south of Reading, 2002-2008

Volume 14: Settlement and Landscape Archaeology in the Middle Thames Valley: Slough and Environs

Volume 15: Bronze Age and Roman settlement, with Neolithic and Saxon burials, at Itchen Farm, Winchester, Hampshire

Volume 16: Iron Age Iron Production Sites in Berkshire

Volume 17: The Oxford Henge and Late Saxon Massacre; with Medieval and Later Occupation at St John's College, Oxford

Volume 18: Neolithic, Roman and Saxon Settlement at Arlington Way, Thetford, Norfolk

Volume 19: Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman Landscapes of the Coastal Plain, and a Late Iron Age Warrior Burial at North Bersted, Bognor Regis, West Sussex; Excavations 2007-2010

Archaeological Excavations at Roundhouse Farm, Marston Meysey, Wiltshire

Volume 21: An Iron Age Round House and Roman Villa at Chilton Fields, Oxfordshire

Volume 22: Roman Occupation at Chapel Farm, Blunsden, Swindon, Wiltshire (Lower Widhill Farm)

Volume 23: Archaeological excavations at Latton Quarry, Wiltshire

Volume 24: Bronze Age, Saxon and Medieval Evidence from Wantage, Oxfordshire: Excavations at St Mary’s and St Gabriel’s Schools

Volume 25: Neolithic, Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon Occupation and Bronze Age Burial at Ibsley Quarry, Ibsley, Ringwood, Hampshire

Volume 26: Two Iron Age Occupation Sites on Andover Road and Cromwell Road in Winchester

Volume 27: A Bronze Age Ring Ditch and Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Story's Meadow, Marland Land, West Meon, Hampshire