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Thames Valley Archaeological Services Monograph: Volume 3

Excavations at Cippenham, Slough, Berkshire

by Steve Ford with Roy Entwistle and Kate Taylor

Monograph 3 cover

Volume 3 explores a series of multi-period sites that cover an extensive landscape to the south of Slough, tracing development from the Neolithic to the Medieval period.

A major housing development on the 'Cippenham Sector' at Slough provided opportunities for archaeological excavations on several sites. The remains uncovered span some 6000 years from the early Neolithic to the Post-medieval period and reveal the changing face of this Thames Valley landscape under almost constant human influence throughout this time.

Earlier Neolithis evidence seems to relate mainly to domestic occupation, although the patterns of deposition suggest a ritual component. Later Neolithic activity is less abundant and less easily characterized but may also include ritual aspects. This theme continues into the Bronze Age, with a ring ditch and numerous cremation burials, both in a cemetery and also spread across the landscape. There is some evidence for occupation in the Middle Bronze Age, but more substantial occupation remains appear in the Later Bronze Age.

From the Middle Iron Age until the middle Roman period, the area appears to have been more or less continuously farmed, with remarkable continuity through this span, when it is more usual to expect marked breaks in the rural landholding pattern. The landscape in this period was dominated by small individual farms. An apparent abandonment in the 3rd century AD led to a remodelling and a lessening of the intensity of all kinds of activity, eventually leading to a total lack of evidence from the 4th century into the Saxon period.

By medieval times, occupation was concentrated in one small part of the area investigated. It is likely that by this time most of the land was included in Cippenham Deer Park.

A4 format, soft cover, 189pp, illustrated throughout including 5 colour and 5 black and white plates.

ISBN 0-9544006-2-3

Price: £10.00

Monographs

Newest Volumes: Our latest additions to the TVAS Monograph Series

Volume 1: Charnham Lane, Hungerford, Berkshire

Volume 2: Prehistoric, Roman and Saxon Sites in Eastern Berkshire

Volume 3: Excavations at Cippenham, Slough, Berkshire

Volume 4: Bronze Age, Roman and Saxon sites on Shrubsoles Hill, Sheppey and at Wises Lane, Borden, Kent

Volume 5: The Archaeology of the Aylesbury-Chalgrove gas pipeline and the Orchard, Walton Road, Aylesbury

Volume 6: Iron Age and Roman settlement and landscape at Totterdown Lane, Horcott near Fairford, Gloucestershire

Volume 7: Reading and Windsor: Old and New; Excavations 1995–2002

Volume 8: Excavations in Medieval Abingdon and Drayton, Oxfordshire

Volume 9: Archaeological Investigations in the Silchester Hinterland

Volume 10: Archaeological Investigations in Wallingford, Oxfordshire, 1992-2010

Volume 11: Archaeological Investigations in Surrey, 1997-2009

Volume 12: Archaeological Investigations along the line of Ermin Street in West Berkshire, 1992-2008

Volume 13: Archaeological Investigations to the south of Reading, 2002-2008

Volume 14: Settlement and Landscape Archaeology in the Middle Thames Valley: Slough and Environs

Volume 15: Bronze Age and Roman settlement, with Neolithic and Saxon burials, at Itchen Farm, Winchester, Hampshire

Volume 16: Iron Age Iron Production Sites in Berkshire

Volume 17: The Oxford Henge and Late Saxon Massacre; with Medieval and Later Occupation at St John's College, Oxford

Volume 18: Neolithic, Roman and Saxon Settlement at Arlington Way, Thetford, Norfolk

Volume 19: Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman Landscapes of the Coastal Plain, and a Late Iron Age Warrior Burial at North Bersted, Bognor Regis, West Sussex; Excavations 2007-2010

Volume 20: Archaeological Excavations at Roundhouse Farm, Marston Meysey, Wiltshire

Volume 21: An Iron Age Round House and Roman Villa at Chilton Fields, Oxfordshire

Volume 22: Roman Occupation at Chapel Farm, Blunsden, Swindon, Wiltshire (Lower Widhill Farm)

Volume 23: Archaeological excavations at Latton Quarry, Wiltshire

Volume 24: Bronze Age, Saxon and Medieval Evidence from Wantage, Oxfordshire: Excavations at St Mary’s and St Gabriel’s Schools

Volume 25: Neolithic, Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon Occupation and Bronze Age Burial at Ibsley Quarry, Ibsley, Ringwood, Hampshire

Volume 26: Two Iron Age Occupation Sites on Andover Road and Cromwell Road in Winchester

Volume 27: A Bronze Age Ring Ditch and Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Story's Meadow, Marland Land, West Meon, Hampshire