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Thames Valley Archaeological Services Monograph: Volume 16

Iron Age Iron Production Sites in Berkshire:
Excavations 2003 - 2012

edited by Steve Preston

Monograph 16 cover

The archaeological record for the Iron Age has been surprisingly short on iron - use of objects made of iron is rather limited, and there are remarkably few known production sites. Recent excavations in Berkshire, backed by a programme of radiocarbon dating, have begun to change that. At Sindlesham, a buried dump of slag consisted of what seems to be the largest quantity of Iron Age iron slag so far recorded in the country, associated with a series of simple pit furnaces for smelting, charcoal clamps and ore roasting pits, and provided a series of radiocarbon dates spanning the early and middle Iron Age, with evidence of unexpected re-use of the site in the Saxon period. At Three Mile Cross, near Reading, iron production covering a similar date range was on a much smaller scale; coincidentally also with Saxon re-use. A third small site at Finchampstead also produced a single middle Iron Age furnace used for iron smelting.

Analysis of the slags reveals that the raw material source was probably bog ore, low grade ore but widely available, so that the locations of production sites seem to have been more dependent on a fuel source (wood for charcoal) than on the ores themselves.

This volume also presents the results of an excavation at an Iron Age, Roman and Saxon settlement site at Bisham, and analysis of a 'currency bar' from Reading.

A4 soft cover, 118pp, illustrated throughout including 27 colour plates.

ISBN 978-0-9561974-6-7

Price: £15.00

Monographs

Newest Volumes: Our latest additions to the TVAS Monograph Series

Volume 1: Charnham Lane, Hungerford, Berkshire

Volume 2: Prehistoric, Roman and Saxon Sites in Eastern Berkshire

Volume 3: Excavations at Cippenham, Slough, Berkshire

Volume 4: Bronze Age, Roman and Saxon sites on Shrubsoles Hill, Sheppey and at Wises Lane, Borden, Kent

Volume 5: The Archaeology of the Aylesbury-Chalgrove gas pipeline and the Orchard, Walton Road, Aylesbury

Volume 6: Iron Age and Roman settlement and landscape at Totterdown Lane, Horcott near Fairford, Gloucestershire

Volume 7: Reading and Windsor: Old and New; Excavations 1995–2002

Volume 8: Excavations in Medieval Abingdon and Drayton, Oxfordshire

Volume 9: Archaeological Investigations in the Silchester Hinterland

Volume 10: Archaeological Investigations in Wallingford, Oxfordshire, 1992-2010

Volume 11: Archaeological Investigations in Surrey, 1997-2009

Volume 12: Archaeological Investigations along the line of Ermin Street in West Berkshire, 1992-2008

Volume 13: Archaeological Investigations to the south of Reading, 2002-2008

Volume 14: Settlement and Landscape Archaeology in the Middle Thames Valley: Slough and Environs

Volume 15: Bronze Age and Roman settlement, with Neolithic and Saxon burials, at Itchen Farm, Winchester, Hampshire

Iron Age Iron Production Sites in Berkshire

Volume 17: The Oxford Henge and Late Saxon Massacre; with Medieval and Later Occupation at St John's College, Oxford

Volume 18: Neolithic, Roman and Saxon Settlement at Arlington Way, Thetford, Norfolk

Volume 19: Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman Landscapes of the Coastal Plain, and a Late Iron Age Warrior Burial at North Bersted, Bognor Regis, West Sussex; Excavations 2007-2010

Volume 20: Archaeological Excavations at Roundhouse Farm, Marston Meysey, Wiltshire

Volume 21: An Iron Age Round House and Roman Villa at Chilton Fields, Oxfordshire

Volume 22: Roman Occupation at Chapel Farm, Blunsden, Swindon, Wiltshire (Lower Widhill Farm)

Volume 23: Archaeological excavations at Latton Quarry, Wiltshire

Volume 24: Bronze Age, Saxon and Medieval Evidence from Wantage, Oxfordshire: Excavations at St Mary’s and St Gabriel’s Schools

Volume 25: Neolithic, Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon Occupation and Bronze Age Burial at Ibsley Quarry, Ibsley, Ringwood, Hampshire

Volume 26: Two Iron Age Occupation Sites on Andover Road and Cromwell Road in Winchester

Volume 27: A Bronze Age Ring Ditch and Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Story's Meadow, Marland Land, West Meon, Hampshire