Thames Valley Archaeological Services Monograph: Volume 15
Bronze Age and Roman Settlement, with Neolithic and Saxon Burials, at Itchen Farm, Winchester, Hampshire:
The archaeology of the South Winchester Park and Ride
by James Lewis and Steve Preston
Excavations just south of Winchester uncovered evidence for a long sequence of use of the site. A number of pits and a single child's burial are radiocarbon dated to the early Neolithic period. The child burial is one of a very small number of such burials known from that era. During the Bronze Age, a post-built roundhouse occupied the site.
The main focus of the evidence derives from a series of ditched enclosures defined, re-modelled, and re-defined between the late Iron Age and late Roman periods. This sequence seems unlikely to have started much before the Claudian conquest, and the site was abandoned by around the middle of the 4th century, the latest features probably representing deliberate dismantling and clearance of the occupation. There are neither structural remains nor, until the end of the period, pits for storage or refuse, but finds are present in such quantity in the ditches that the site must have been occupied at least in the early and late phases; there is a marked decrease in finds in the middle of the Roman period. This site produced important evidence for the economy of the Roman settlement, which included textile production. A single grave seems to be the latest Roman feature on the site.
Finally, two graves contained Roman finds but are firmly dated by radiocarbon to early Saxon times, probably contemporary within the early 7th century. No other Saxon material was recovered from anywhere on the site and it is unlikely that there is any possibility of continuity over the centuries between the last Roman use and these interments.
A4 soft cover, 76pp, illustrated throughout including 13 colour plates.